Dr. Ayman Ashour, Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, stressed the importance of continuing to direct scientific research and studies towards smart agriculture due to its connection to increasing agricultural productivity and reducing production costs, indicating the interest of the political leadership in this important file that will contribute to achieving Egyptian food security.
The Minister of Higher Education, in a statement issued today, referred to the decision of the President of the Republic regarding the approval of the sub-agreement agreement between the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Government of Canada, regarding the implementation of the project to promote climate-smart agriculture and agricultural biodiversity. To enhance the adaptive capacity of rural communities most affected by climate change in the old and new lands of the Nile Delta and Upper Egypt, with a value of 10 million Canadian dollars.
For his part, Dr. Islam Abu Al-Majd, Chairman of the National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, stressed the importance of Smart agriculture, which contributes to increasing agricultural production and reducing production costs, works to benefit from modern technologies to improve the quality of agricultural crops, which contributes to achieving self-sufficiency in crops and supports the state’s efforts in land reclamation.
He explained that smart agriculture is A system that relies on advanced technology in growing food in sustainable and clean ways, and rationalizing the use of natural resources, especially water. One of its most prominent features is its reliance on information management and analysis systems to make the best possible production decisions, at the lowest costs, as well as " Automating agricultural operations such as irrigation, pest control, soil monitoring, and crop monitoring. He pointed out that smart farms have a real potential to provide more productive and sustainable agricultural production based on a more efficient approach to using resources.
Dr. Abdul Aziz Bilal, head of the Agricultural Applications, Soil and Marine Sciences Division at the Authority, noted that smart agriculture means remote control. A dimension in additions or inputs to agricultural production to achieve sustainable development goals, by achieving food security to increase production per unit area.
He pointed out that the state is carrying out horizontal agricultural expansion and vertical agricultural expansion, stressing that smart agriculture contributes to increasing production, reduces costs, and works to reduce wasteful use of water and fertilizers.
He explained that smart agriculture requires space because it uses an electronic technical system and the use of the Internet of Things and artificial intelligence techniques, to define the “system” With all the needs of the land on which the smart agriculture system will be applied, which in turn will reduce the use of water, reduce the use of fertilizers and pesticides, and improve the quality of agricultural crops, instead of following traditional methods of agriculture.
Dr. Abdul Aziz Bilal reviewed the Authority’s role. National Remote Sensing in Smart Agriculture, where the Authority cooperates with the Ministry of Agriculture in a horizontal land reclamation project, and this contributed to the reclamation of about 4 million acres, in cooperation with the General Authority for Reconstruction Projects at the Ministry of Agriculture, through the use of remote sensing techniques.
He pointed out that the Authority has implemented several important projects, most notably the implementation of a project in which remote sensing is used to track the wheat crop and determine the appropriate irrigation dates and the extent to which part of the crop is infected with pests, in addition to a project that was implemented in cooperation with the Electronics Research Institute to produce an irrigation system. The smart device can be used in several agricultural crops, in addition to developing a system to reduce 30% of water use in rice cultivation, which is funded by the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology.
Dr. Abdul Aziz Bilal stressed that modern technology works to achieve food security. It helps in reducing the cost, noting that the initial cost, which some may see as relatively high, will be compensated by reducing production costs later, as well as improving the quality of agricultural crops, which may lead to self-sufficiency in crops, indicating that the success of applying smart agriculture in Many different countries of the world, which contributed to increasing agricultural productivity.